A Comparative Analysis of the Initiative for Sustainability, Stability and Security in Africa (3S Initiative) and the Euro-African Dialogue on Migration

Research project in the field of security complex Europe-Africa

In recent times, climate security has become central to unprecedented attention to the European Union and the African Union. In West Africa and the Sahel region, extreme weather events including droughts, flooding, desertification and deforestation etc. are triggering livelihood insecurity, social tensions and mass migration within Africa and across Europe. These climatic hazards influence the outbreak of conflict, the recruitment of extremists armed groups as well as drive mass migration. Recognizing that climate change and security concerns are increasingly interlinked, African and European policymakers have committed to addressing climate-related security risk through regional security architectures like the Initiative on “Sustainability, Stability, and Security in Africa” and the Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development. The focus of this research is to present a comparative analysis between the two initiatives and show how this has impacted cooperation between Europe and Africa. It examines how the effect of climate change has impacted on issues of sustainability, stability and security in Africa and how it interplays with Africa-Europe relations. The research uses the Regional Security Complex Theory as a framework for analysis. Critical content, discourse, and comparative analyses will be used to analyze a variety of qualitative and quantitative sources.

Keywords: Climate change, Sustainability, Stability, Security, Migration, Europe, Africa.

A recent report on "Sustainability, Stability and Security in Africa: Key Findings in the Sahel" can be found here.


Avatar Ayuk

Dr. Maria Ayuk



Bonn SDG-Lecture on Climate Change and Security

European-African Security Relations
Online via Zoom
02:00 PM - 03:30 PM
This lecture aims to revisit European-Africa security relations by looking at the past and present affairs and projecting the relationship in the next decade ...
Sustainability, Stability and Security in Africa
06:00 PM
Have you ever wondered why despite heavy capital injections in intervention models such as the Sustainability, Stability and Security Initiative in Africa "3S" ...
Getting the Nexus between Climate Change and Security Right
Online via Zoom
06:00 PM - 07:30 PM
Although there is consensus on the view that climate change is a “security threat multiplier”, very little has been documented about the responses of the Sahel ...
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